S. 1639: American Opportunity Carbon Fee Act of 2017
Author's Summary: "A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emission fees, reduce the rate of the corporate income tax, provide tax credits to workers, deliver additional benefits to retired and disabled Americans, and for other purposes."
According to Citizen's Climate Lobby: "This bill is aimed very clearly at attracting Republican co-sponsors... This bill also pioneers new ground in just how a dividend could be efficiently returned to households at low cost." More at https://citizensclimatelobby.org/democratic-senators-introduce-carbon-pricing-bill/
Opposing Chamber bill link: https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/115/hr3420